Activities Requiring REB Review

Activities Requiring REB Review
DepartmentApplied Educational Research
Creation DateMay 11, 2011
Approval DateMay 11, 2011
Effective DateMay 11, 2011

Organizational Scope

This policy pertains to all staff, faculty, students or external persons intending to participate in or carry out research at, and/or in collaboration with the Michener Institute.


The purpose of this policy is to describe the research activities that require REB review and those that do not.


All research involving human participants or human biological materials carried out at The Michener Institute must be reviewed by the Michener Institute’s REB (see Policy: REB Review Process) or a delegated authority.  No interventions or interactions with participants may commence until REB approval has been obtained.  REB Approval will not be given retroactively.


This Policy applies to investigators, members of the Research Office and/or administration, and REB.

3.1         Activities that require REB Review

3.1.1      Any disciplined inquiry or systematic investigation done to extend generalizable knowledge (facts, theories, principles, or relationships) including but not limited to:

  1. Clinical trials;
  2. Pilot studies;
  3. Exploratory studies;
  4. Course-based assignments;

3.1.2      Types of research involving human subjects including but not limited to:

  1. Drug administration, blood withdrawal, tests or procedures for research rather than treatment reasons;
  2. The collection of information by survey, questionnaire, letter, telephone, email, internet or interview;
  3. Use of human biological materials such as tissue, remains, biological fluid, reproductive materials and stem cells from persons, cadavers, embryos or foetuses;
  4. Use of restricted records that contain identifiable information;
  5. Use of secondary data (data collected previously for other systematic research);
  6. Direct or indirect behavioural observation. 

3.2         Activities that do not require REB Review:

3.2.1      Research activities of the following nature:

  1. Quality assurance/improvement studies, program evaluation, performance reviews-Studies to directly assess the performance of an organization, its employees or students;
  2. Research regarding individuals living in the public arena or artists-based on information that is publicly accessible including creative practice activities where an artist makes or interprets a work or works of art;
  3. Naturalistic observation of people in public places not associated with any specific participant or group of individuals where there is no expectation of privacy and the dissemination of findings does not allow for the specific identification of any individual;
  4. Information already publicly available or legally accessible to the public where there is no expectation of privacy;
  5. Research that involves the secondary use of anonymous information or anonymous human biological material which cannot be traced to the original research participant(s).

3.2.2   The REB should be contacted for any research activities where there is doubt regarding the necessity of review.

4.0      References:

  1. Tri-Council Policy Statement (TCPS 2). Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans, Medical research Council of Canada 2010. Article(s) 2.1-2.6.

Associated Documentation

REB Review Process